make pair usuage


The behavior of this function template is the same as if defined as:
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template <class T1,class T2>
  pair<T1,T2> make_pair (T1 x, T2 y)
  {
    return ( pair<T1,T2>(x,y) );
  }
// make_pair example
#include <utility>      // std::pair
#include <iostream>     // std::cout

int main () {
  std::pair <int,int> foo;
  std::pair <int,int> bar;

  foo = std::make_pair (10,20);
  bar = std::make_pair (10.5,'A'); // ok: implicit conversion from pair<double,char>

  std::cout << "foo: " << foo.first << ", " << foo.second << '\n';
  std::cout << "bar: " << bar.first << ", " << bar.second << '\n';

  return 0;
}
The difference is that with std::pair you need to specify the types of both elements, whereas std::make_pair will create a pair with the type of the elements that are passed to it, without you needing to tell it. That's what I could gather from various docs anyways.
pair <int,int> one;
pair <int,int> two;

one = make_pair (10,20);
two = make_pair (10.5,'A'); // ok: implicit conversion from pair<double,char>
Aside from the implicit conversion bonus of it, if you didn't use make_pair you'd have to do
one = pair<int,int>(10,20)
every time you assigned to one, which would be annoying over time..
There is no difference between using make_pair and explicitly calling the pair constructor with specified type arguments. std::make_pair is more convenient when the types are verbose because a template method has type deduction based on its given parameters. For example,
std::vector< std::pair< std::vector<int>, std::vector<int> > > vecOfPair;
std::vector<int> emptyV;

// shorter
vecOfPair.push_back(std::make_pair(emptyV, emptyV));

 // longer
vecOfPair.push_back(std::pair< std::vector<int>, std::vector<int> >(emptyV, emptyV));

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